The fascinating and age-old art of oriental rug-making has been passed down from generation to generation. With such a wide variety of colours, styles and patterns, there is an equally versatile selection of knots used by weaving professionals in the process of their rug-making.
Usually, there are two main types of knots used. One knot style is the Senneh knot, and the other is the Ghiordes knot. The third type of knot is called the Jufti knot, however, it isn’t found in higher quality rugs as it’s considered to be a lower level knot.
The Senneh Knot (The Persian Knot)
The Senneh knot, otherwise known as the Persian knot, is an asymmetric double knot. It is commonly used across Iran and Central Asia as well as Afghanistan, Pakistan and even China. This knot is perfect for use in rugs that have fine details and dainty decorative aspects that require such an intricate tie.
In this knot, yarn is draped around two taught strands, where only one of those strands is encircled with the yarn.
The Ghiordes Knot (The Turkish Knot)
The Ghiordes knot, otherwise known as the Turkish knot, is a symmetrical single knot (as opposed tot he asymmetrical double Persian Senneh knot). It is most often used by Anatolian weaving specialists in Turkey, as well as certain areas of Iran.
In this knot, the yarn is placed across two wrap strands, brought underneath and pulled through the centre of both wrap strands. This creates a strong, secure and long-lasting rug.
The Jufti Knot
And finally, the Jufti knot. This knot is commonly used in rugs made in Khorasan, Iran and can be either symmetrical or asymmetrical. Instead of using two main wrap strands like the previous two knots, this knot uses four wrap strands. It’s the least commonly used, however, it can create just a beautiful an effect as the previous two methods. It is, however, weaker and less sturdy in construction.
How to Tell Which Knot A Rug Was Made With
To tell which knot method was used in the rug you’re looking into buying, flip the rug over and examine the back. The tiny little square bumps you see are the visible parts of the yarn as it loops around the wrap strands.
Now, simply look at the bumps. If only one is visible, it’s a Senneh knot. If two are visible, it’s a Ghiordes knot.
If you’re looking for professional, honest and friendly guidance on your next Persian rug purchase, we can help. At Best Rugs Gallery, our oriental rug shop in Vancouver has a wide selection of rugs, from affordable to the finest available on the market.